The times of the major eclipse phases are listed as follows. At the instant of greatest eclipse  UT1 the Moon lies at the zenith for a point near eastern Cuba. The umbral eclipse magnitude  peaks at 1. As a result, the southern half of the Moon will appear much darker than the northern half because the Moon samples a large range of umbral depths during the total phase. The exact brightness distribution in the umbra is difficult to predict, so observers are encouraged to estimate the Danjon value at mid-totality see Danjon Scale of Lunar Eclipse Brightness. It may also be necessary to assign different Danjon values to different portions of the Moon e.
Much of the eclipse will be seen in central and eastern Europe, but observers there will miss the later stages of the eclipse because they occur after moonset. Likewise parts of the central Pacific experience moonrise after the eclipse begins.
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Table 2 lists predicted umbral immersion and emersion times for 25 well-defined lunar craters. The timing of craters is useful in determining the atmospheric enlargement of Earth's shadow see Crater Timings During Lunar Eclipses. The January 21 eclipse is the 27th eclipse of Saros This series began on Apr 01 and is composed of 72 lunar eclipses in the following sequence: 8 penumbral, 10 partial, 26 total, 10 partial, and 18 penumbral eclipses Espenak and Meeus, a.
In this context, the January 21 eclipse is the 9th total eclipse in the series. The last total eclipse is on Jul 26 and the final eclipse of the series is on May Complete details for this Saros series can be found at: Saros Click for detailed diagram Total Solar Eclipse of July The eagerly awaited total solar eclipse of July 02 is the first one since the Great American Total Eclipse of Such a close Moon during a total eclipse typically produces a long duration of totality - especially if the path passes near the Equator.
In the case of the July 02 event, the maximum duration is just over 4. The total eclipse is visible from within a narrow corridor that traverses the Pacific Ocean and southern South America. A partial eclipse is seen within the much broader path of the Moon's penumbral shadow, which includes the Pacific Ocean and most of South America Figure 3.
Oeno Island is a remote coral atoll and is part of the Pitcairn Islands. Unfortunately, there is no other landfall along the entirety of the Pacific track of kilometers. The region enjoys especially dry and clear weather - so much so that a string of major international astronomical observatories have been built there, including Cerro Tololo, La Silla and Gemini South. After crossing the Andes, the lunar shadow descends into Argentina for the last segment of its track. The shadow covers the kilometer-stretch across Argentina in only 3 minutes.
In Argentina, San Juan lies just inside the southern limit while Cordoba is 75 kilometers north of the track. Just before the path ends, it barely misses Buenos Aires, the northern edge only 30 kilometers south of the center of the capital. Nevertheless, all roads leading from Buenos Aires to the central line will probably be clogged with traffic on eclipse day. At UT1 the lunar shadow lifts off Earth and returns to space. Central line coordinates and circumstances are presented in Table 3. Partial phases of the eclipse are visible across the southern Pacific Ocean and South America. Local circumstances for a number of cities in South America are found in Table 4.
The Sun's altitude and azimuth, the eclipse magnitude and obscuration are all given at the instant of maximum eclipse at each location. The Jul 02 Solar Eclipse Circumstances Calculator is an interactive web page that can quickly calculate the local circumstances for the eclipse from any geographic location not included in Table 4. This is the 58th eclipse of Saros Espenak and Meeus, All eclipses in the series occur at the Moon's ascending node and gamma decreases with each member in the family.
The series is a mature one that began with a modest partial eclipse on Oct After 20 partial eclipses in the series and more than 3 centuries, the first umbral eclipse occurred on May The event was a 2-minute total eclipse through New England, eastern Canada and Greenland. During the next 2 centuries, the umbral duration continued to increase as each path shifted progressively southward.
The greatest umbral duration of Saros occurred during the total eclipse of Aug Unfortunately, the 5 minute 40 second total eclipse was only visible from equatorial Africa, which was virtually inaccessible to astronomers of the day. As the duration of each succeeding eclipse decreased, the paths reversed their southern migration and drifted northward during the 18th and 19th centuries. This effect occurred as a result of the Northern Hemisphere season shifting from winter to summer when the Northern Hemisphere tipped towards the Sun.
The southbound trend of the Saros series resumed with the eclipse of May March 20 - March Equinox.
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The March equinox occurs at UTC. The Sun will shine directly on the equator and there will be nearly equal amounts of day and night throughout the world.
This is also the first day of spring vernal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere and the first day of fall autumnal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere. March 24 - New Moon. March 24 - Mercury at Greatest Western Elongation. The planet Mercury reaches greatest western elongation of This is the best time to view Mercury since it will be at its highest point above the horizon in the morning sky. Look for the planet low in the eastern sky just before sunrise.
March 24 - Venus at Greatest Eastern Elongation. The planet Venus reaches greatest eastern elongation of This is the best time to view Venus since it will be at its highest point above the horizon in the evening sky.
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Look for the bright planet in the western sky after sunset. April 8 - Full Moon, Supermoon. This full moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Pink Moon because it marked the appearance of the moss pink, or wild ground phlox, which is one of the first spring flowers. Many coastal tribes called it the Full Fish Moon because this was the time that the shad swam upstream to spawn.
This is also the third of four supermoons for April 22, 23 - Lyrids Meteor Shower. The Lyrids is an average shower, usually producing about 20 meteors per hour at its peak. The shower runs annually from April It peaks this year on the night of the night of the 22nd and morning of the 23rd. These meteors can sometimes produce bright dust trails that last for several seconds. The nearly new moon will ensure dark skies for what should be a good show this year. Meteors will radiate from the constellation Lyra, but can appear anywhere in the sky.
April 23 - New Moon. May 6, 7 - Eta Aquarids Meteor Shower.
February 2017 lunar eclipse
The Eta Aquarids is an above average shower, capable of producing up to 60 meteors per hour at its peak. Most of the activity is seen in the Southern Hemisphere. In the Northern Hemisphere, the rate can reach about 30 meteors per hour. It is produced by dust particles left behind by comet Halley, which has known and observed since ancient times. The shower runs annually from April 19 to May It peaks this year on the night of May 6 and the morning of the May 7.
The nearly full moon will be a problem this year, blocking out all but the brightest meteors. But if you are patient, you should still should be able to catch a few good ones. Meteors will radiate from the constellation Aquarius, but can appear anywhere in the sky. May 7 - Full Moon, Supermoon. This full moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Flower Moon because this was the time of year when spring flowers appeared in abundance. This is also the last of four supermoons for May 22 - New Moon. June 4 - Mercury at Greatest Eastern Elongation.
June 5 - Full Moon. This full moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Strawberry Moon because it signaled the time of year to gather ripening fruit. It also coincides with the peak of the strawberry harvesting season.
June 5 - Penumbral Lunar Eclipse. June 21 - New Moon. June 21 - Annular Solar Eclipse.
Solar and Lunar Eclipses in Astrology
An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon is too far away from the Earth to completely cover the Sun. This results in a ring of light around the darkened Moon. The Sun's corona is not visible during an annular eclipse.
The path of the eclipse will begin in central Africa and travel through Saudi Arabia, northern India, and southern China before ending in the Pacific Ocean. A partial eclipse will be visible throughout most of eastern Africa, the Middle East, and southern Asia. June 22 - June Solstice. The June solstice occurs at UTC. The North Pole of the earth will be tilted toward the Sun, which will have reached its northernmost position in the sky and will be directly over the Tropic of Cancer at This is the first day of summer summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and the first day of winter winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere.
July 5 - Full Moon. This full moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Buck Moon because the male buck deer would begin to grow their new antlers at this time of year. July 5 - Penumbral Lunar Eclipse. July 14 - Jupiter at Opposition. The giant planet will be at its closest approach to Earth and its face will be fully illuminated by the Sun.
It will be brighter than any other time of the year and will be visible all night long.
Moon Sign Calculator
This is the best time to view and photograph Jupiter and its moons. A medium-sized telescope should be able to show you some of the details in Jupiter's cloud bands. A good pair of binoculars should allow you to see Jupiter's four largest moons, appearing as bright dots on either side of the planet.